OSPF Objective type Questions and Answers pdf

11. What is the requirement of doing summarization?
1. Reduces the amount of information stored in routing tables.
2. Allocates an existing pool of addresses more economically.
3. Lessens the load on router processor and memory resources.
4. Less number of update messages.
5. Less bandwidth.

12. How routes are selected in OSPF according to preference?
Intra-Area routes(0)> Inter-Area routes(0-IA)> External-Type-1(E1)> External-Type-2(E2)> NSSA-1(N1)> NSSA-2(N2).

13. What is Route Redistribution?
Route redistribution is the process of taking routes learned via one routing protocol and injecting those routes into another routing protocol domain.
For example two companies might merge, one company is using Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) and the other is using Open Shortest Path First (OSPF). Route redistribution allows exchanging of routes between the two routing domains with a minimal amount of configuration and with little disruption to the existing networks.

14. What is the default redistribution OSPF cost ?
Redistribution into OSPF uses the following defaults:-
1. When taking from BGP, use a default metric of 1.
2. When taking from another OSPF process, take the source route’s metric.
3. When taking from all other sources, use a default metric of 20.

15. What is the difference between Type-1 (E1) & Type-2 (E2) redistribution?
Type-2 is the default route type for routes learned via redistribution. The key with E2 routes is that the cost of these routes reflects only the redistributed cost. E2 = only redistributed cost.
Type-1 redistributed routes reflects cost to reach ASBR + redistributed cost. E1 = cost to reach ASBR + redistributed cost

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